Ants are now considered the most difficult
pest to control. This is thought to be mostly due to the increasing use of more
targeted insecticides with application in and around the home to cracks and
crevices where surface crawling insects tend to inhabit, lit turn, this has led
to reduced use of broadcast residual sprays around the home and less residual
Integrated Pest Management for controlling
Attention to hygiene
2, Exclusion through physical means
3. Modifying ant habitats
Researchers agree that when managing ants you should consider
their specific biology, with attention to both behavioral and feeding habits of
the target pest ant.
Firstly, Identify the ant you are dealing with so that a
strategy can be tailored to its control.
For instance, with feeding habits some
ants have a specific preference for sugars, fats, oils or protein and if the
priority is to feed the brood then there is a preference for protein.
Secondly, Attempt to find the colony nest or at least access the trail.
foraging trails that are seen in and around domestic and commercial properties
are only a fraction of the number of individuals in a colony. At any one time
less than ten percent might be foraging, so it is important to realise that
broadcast spraying for a knockdown will have very little colony impact.
of insecticides in ant management includes either repellents such as synthetic
pyrethroids as barriers, or colony controlling agents such as non-repellent bails
and non-repellent chemical spray treatments.
Insecticide use strategies that
target the whole colony. or workers (that feed the colony so then the colony
starves) or queens (that reproduce the colony) should be implemented. The best
approach would be the use of a non-repellent bait and/or in combination with a
non-repellent chemical spray treatment.
This will provide delayed toxicity so
that the toxicant can be transferred back through the colony to the nest.
use of non-repellent baits such as Optigard Ant Bait Gel and Advion Ant Gel are
highly effective in ant management colony control, as these treatments
capitalize on the fundamental behaviour of ants, which is the exchanging and
sharing of food.